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Our Research

We are a research clinic and so our primary focus is on conducting research that helps us increase access to effective psychological care for people with a broad range of different disorders and conditions. We provide people with access to free treatment via participation in the clinical trials we run.

A lot of our research is focused on developing and evaluating new treatments, which can be delivered using technology so people do not heed to attend a physical clinic - instead they can be done from the comfort of peoples' homes. However, we also try to understand who responds to our treatments and how to make them as helpful as possible.

This page lists some of our published scientific papers about our work, and many of the treatments we have developed. Many of these treatments are now in use at other national and international clinics, such as Australia's national MindSpot Clinic. Please feel free to explore this page and contact us with any questions.

All the scientific papers are listed by year. However, we have indicated in bold text where the paper is about a specific treatment course, or Australia's MindSpot Clinic.

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Participants

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Trials

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Courses

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Publications
2022
  1. Nielssen O, Staples LG, Ryan K, Karin E, Kayrouz R, Dear BF, Cross S, Titov N. (2022). Suicide after contact with a national digital mental health service. Internet Interventions, 28, 100516. [MindSpot Clinic]

  2. Bisby MA, Karin E, Scott AJ, Dudeney J, Fisher A, Gandy M, Hathway T, Heriseanu AI, Staples L, Titov N, Dear BF. (2022). Examining the psychometric properties of brief screening measures of depression and anxiety in chronic pain: The Patient Health Questionnaire 2-item and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 2-item. Pain Practice,  22, 478 - 486.

  3. Cross SP, Karin E, Staples LG, Bisby MA, Ryan K, Duke G, Nielssen O, Kayrouz R, Fisher A, Dear BF, Titov N. (2022). Factors associated with treatment uptake, completion, and subsequent symptom improvement in a national digital mental health service. Internet Interventions, 27, 100506. [MindSpot Clinic]

  4. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Peynenburg V, Thiessen D, Schneider LH, Nugent M, Wilhelms A, Karin E, Titov N, Dear BF. (2022). Five-year observational study of Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural pain management when offered as routine care by an online therapy clinic. European Journal of Pain, 26, 390 - 404. [Pain Course]

  5. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Peynenburg V, Thiessen DL, Nugent M, Karin E, Dear BF, Titov N. (2022). A randomized factorial trial of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy: An 8-week program with or without extended support and booster lesson. Internet Interventions, 27, 100499. [Wellbeing Course]

  6. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Peynenburg V, Thiessen DL, Nugent M, Karin E, Staples L, Dear BF, Titov N. (2022). Utilization, Patient Characteristics, and Longitudinal Improvements among Patients from a Provincially Funded Transdiagnostic Internet-delivered Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Program: Observational Study of Trends over 6 Years. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 67, 192 - 206.

  7. Staples LG, Webb N, Asrianti L, Cross S, Rock D, Kayrouz R, Karin E, Dear BF, Nielssen O, Titov N. (2022). A Comparison of Self-Referral and Referral via Primary Care Providers, through Two Similar Digital Mental Health Services in Western Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19, 905. [MindSpot Clinic]

  8. Sundström C, Edmonds M, Soucy JN, Titov N, Dear BF, Hadjistavropoulos HD. (2022). Alcohol and drug use among clients receiving internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for anxiety and depression in a routine care clinic – Demographics, use patterns, and prediction of treatment completion and outcomes. Internet Interventions, 27, 100490.

2021
  1. Beahm JD, McCall HC, Carleton RN, Titov N, Dear B, Hadjistavropoulos HD. (2021). Insights into internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for public safety personnel: Exploration of client experiences during and after treatment. Internet Interventions, 26, 100481. [Wellbeing Course]

  2. Dear BF, Karin E, Fogliati R, Dudeney J, Nielssen O, Scott AJ, Gandy M, Bisby MA, Heriseanu AI, Hathway T, Staples L, Titov N, Schroeder L. (2021). A Cost-effectiveness Analysis of an Internet-delivered Pain Management Program Delivered With Different Levels of Clinician Support: Results From a Randomised Controlled Trial. Journal of Pain, 22, 344 - 358. [Pain Course]

  3. Gandy M, Heriseanu AI, Dudeney J, Bisby MA, Scott AJ, Fisher A, Hathway T, Karin E, Titov N, Dear BF. (2021). Disability and life satisfaction in neurological disorders: The role of depression and perceived cognitive difficulties. General Hospital Psychiatry, 73, 16 - 23.

  4. Hadjistavropoulos HD, McCall HC, Thiessen DL, Huang Z, Carleton RN, Dear BF, Titov N. (2021). Initial outcomes of transdiagnostic internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy tailored to public safety personnel: Longitudinal observational study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 23, e27610.

  5. Karin E, Crane MF, Dear BF, Nielssen O, Heller GZ, Kayrouz R, Titov N. (2021). Predictors, outcomes, and statistical solutions of missing cases in web-based psychotherapy: Methodological replication and elaboration study. JMIR Mental Health, 8, e22700.

  6. Palermo TM, Law EF, Topazian MD, Slack K, Dear BF, Ko YJ, Vege SS, Fogel E, Trikudanathan G, Andersen DK, Conwell DL, Yadav D, Consortium for the Study of Chronic Pancreatitis, Diabetes, and Pancreatic Cancer (CPDPC). (2021). Internet Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Painful Chronic Pancreatitis: A Pilot Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial. Clinical and translational gastroenterology, 12, e00373. [Pain Course]

  7. Read JR, Sharpe L, Burton AL, Areán PA, Raue PJ, McDonald S, Titov N, Gandy M, Dear BF. (2021). Preventing depression in older people with multimorbidity: 24-month follow-up of a trial of internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy. Age and Ageing, 50, 2254 - 2258. [Wellbeing Plus Course]

  8. Soucy JN, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Karin E, Dear BF, Titov N. (2021). Brief online motivational interviewing pre-treatment intervention for enhancing internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy: A randomized controlled trial. Internet Interventions, 25, 100394.

  9. Staples L, Nielssen O, Kayrouz R, Cross S, Karin E, Ryan K, Dear B, Titov N. (2021). Rapid Report 3: Mental health symptoms, characteristics, and regional variation, for users of an Australian digital mental health service during the first 8 months of COVID-19. Internet Interventions, 24, 100378.

  10. Wootton BM, Karin E, Dear BF, Staples L, Nielssen O, Kayrouz R, Titov N. (2021). Internet-delivered cognitive-behaviour therapy (ICBT) for obsessive-compulsive disorder when delivered as routine clinical care: A phase IV clinical trial. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 82, 102444. [OCD Course]

2020
  1. Alberts NM, Leisenring WM, Flynn JS, Whitton J, Gibson TM, Jibb L, McDonald A, Ford J, Moraveji N, Dear BF, Krull KR, Robison LL, Stinson JN, Armstrong GT. (2020). Wearable respiratory monitoring and feedback for chronic pain in adult survivors of childhood cancer: A feasibility randomized controlled trial from the childhood cancer survivor study. JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics, 4, 1014 - 1026.

  2. Dirkse D, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Alberts NA, Karin E, Schneider LH, Titov N, Dear BF. (2020). Making Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy scalable for cancer survivors: a randomized non-inferiority trial of self-guided and technician-guided therapy. Journal of Cancer Survivorship, 14, 211 - 225. [Wellbeing Course]

  3. Edmonds M, McCall H, Dear BF, Titov N, Hadjistavropoulos HD. (2020). Does concurrent medication usage affect patient response to internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy for depression and anxiety? Internet Interventions, 19, 3100302.

  4. Edmonds MR, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Gullickson KM, Asmundson AJN, Dear BF, Titov N. (2020). Understanding problems with sleep, sexual functioning, energy, and appetite among patients who access transdiagnostic internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety and depression: Qualitative exploratory study. JMIR Formative Research, 4, e15037.

  5. Gandy M, Karin E, McDonald S, Meares S, Scott AJ, Titov N, Dear BF. (2020). A feasibility trial of an internet-delivered psychological intervention to manage mental health and functional outcomes in neurological disorders. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 136, 110173. [Wellbeing Neuro Course]

  6. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Peynenburg V, Mehta S, Adlam K, Nugent M, Gullickson KM, Titov N, Dear B. (2020). An internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for depression and anxiety among clients referred and funded by insurance companies compared with those who are publicly funded: Longitudinal observational study. JMIR Mental Health, 7, e16005.

  7. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Peynenburg V, Nugent M, Karin E, Titov N, Dear BF. (2020). Transdiagnostic Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy with therapist support offered once-weekly or once-weekly supplemented with therapist support within one-business-day: Pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Internet Interventions, 22, 100347. [Wellbeing Course]

  8. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Peynenburg V, Thiessen DL, Nugent M, Adlam K, Owens KMB, Karin E, Dear BF, Titov N. (2020). A pragmatic factorial randomized controlled trial of transdiagnostic internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy: Exploring benefits of homework reflection questionnaires and twice-weekly therapist support. Internet Interventions, 22, 100357. [Wellbeing Course]

  9. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Williams J, Adlam K, Spice K, Nugent M, Owens KMB, Sundström C, Dear BF, Titov N. (2020). Audit and feedback of therapist-assisted internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy within routine care: A quality improvement case study. Internet Interventions, 20, 100309.

  10. Kayrouz R, Karin E, Staples LG, Nielssen O, Dear BF, Titov N. (2020). A comparison of the characteristics and treatment outcomes of migrant and Australian-born users of a national digital mental health service. BMC Psychiatry, 20, 111. [MindSpot Clinic]

  11. Mehta S, Hadjistavropoulos H, Nugent M, Karin E, Titov N, Dear BF. (2020). Guided internet-delivered cognitive-behaviour therapy for persons with spinal cord injury: a feasibility trial. Spinal Cord, 58, 544 - 552. [Chronic Conditions Course]

  12. Read J, Sharpe L, Burton AL, Arean PA, Raue PJ, McDonald S, Titov N, Gandy M, Dear BF. (2020). A randomized controlled trial of internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy to prevent the development of depressive disorders in older adults with multimorbidity. Journal of Affective Disorders, 264, 464 - 473. [Wellbeing Plus Course]

  13. Robichaud M, Talbot F, Titov N, Dear BF, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Hadjistavropoulos T, Jbilou J. (2020). Facilitating access to iCBT: A randomized controlled trial assessing a translated version of an empirically validated program using a minimally monitored delivery model. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 48, 185 - 202. [Mood Mechanic Course]

  14. Schneider LH, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Dear BF, Titov N. (2020). Efficacy of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy following an acute coronary event: A randomized controlled trial. Internet Interventions, 21, 100324. [Wellbeing Course]

  15. Smoktunowicz E, Barak A, Andersson G, Banos RM, Berger T, Botella C, Dear BF, Donker T, Ebert DD, Hadjistavropoulos H, Hodgins DC, Kaldo V, Mohr DC, Nordgreen T, Powers MB, Riper H, Ritterband LM, Rozental A, Schueller SM, Titov N, Weise C, Carlbring P. (2020). Consensus statement on the problem of terminology in psychological interventions using the internet or digital components. Internet Interventions, 21, 100331.

  16. Staples L, Nielssen O, Kayrouz R, Cross S, Karin E, Ryan K, Dear B, Titov N. (2020). Rapid report 2: Symptoms of anxiety and depression during the first 12 weeks of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in Australia. Internet Interventions, 22, 100351.

  17. Titov N, Dear BF, Nielssen O, Wootton B, Kayrouz R, Karin E, Genest B, Bennett-Levy J, Purtell C, Bezuidenhout G, Tan R, Minissale C, Thadhani P, Webb N, Willcock S, Andersson G, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Mohr DC, Kavanagh DJ, Cross S, Staples LG. (2020). User characteristics and outcomes from a national digital mental health service: an observational study of registrants of the Australian MindSpot Clinic. The Lancet Digital Health, 2, e582 - e593. [MindSpot Clinic]

  18. Titov N, Rock D, Bezuidenhout G, Webb N, Kayrouz R, Nielssen O, Williams L, Purtell C, Dear BF, Staples LG. (2020). Evaluation of The Practitioner Online Referral and Treatment Service (PORTS): the first 18 months of a state-wide digital service for adults with anxiety, depression, or substance use problems. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 49, 307 - 326.

  19. Titov N, Staples L, Kayrouz R, Cross S, Karin E, Ryan K, Dear B, Nielssen O. (2020). Rapid report: Early demand, profiles and concerns of mental health users during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Internet Interventions, 21, 100327.

2019
  1. Andersson G, Titov N, Dear BF, Rozental A, Carlbring P. (2019). Internet-delivered psychological treatments: from innovation to implementation. World Psychiatry, 18, 20 - 28.

  2. Batterham PJ, Calear AL, O’Dea B, Larsen ME, J Kavanagh D, Titov N, March S, Hickie I, Teesson M, Dear BF, Reynolds J, Lowinger J, Thornton L, Gorman P. (2019). Stakeholder perspectives on evidence for digital mental health interventions: Implications for accreditation systems. Digital Health, 5.

  3. Dear BF, Johnson B, Singh A, Wilkes B, Brkic T, Gupta R, Jones MP, Bailey S, Dudeney J, Gandy M, Fogliati R, Titov N. (2019). Examining an internet-delivered intervention for anxiety and depression when delivered as a part of routine care for university students: A phase IV trial. Journal of Affective Disorders, 256, 567 - 577. [UniWellbeing Course]

  4. Gullickson KM, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Dear BF, Titov N. (2019). Negative effects associated with internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy: An analysis of client emails. Internet Interventions, 18, 100278.

  5. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Gullickson KM, Schneider LH, Dear BF, Titov N. (2019). Development of the Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Undesirable Therapist Behaviours Scale (ICBT-UTBS). Internet Interventions, 18, 100255.

  6. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Schneider LH, Mehta S, Karin E, Dear BF, Titov N. (2019). Preference trial of internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy comparing standard weekly versus optional weekly therapist support. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 63, 51 - 60. [Wellbeing Course]

  7. Lattie EG, Graham AK, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Dear BF, Titov N, Mohr DC. (2019). Guidance on defining the scope and development of text-based coaching protocols for digital mental health interventions. Digital Health, 5.

  8. McNaughton DT, Hush JM, Beath AP, Gandy M, Dear BF, Jones MP. (2019). Whether chronic pain is medically explained or not does not moderate the response to cognitive-behavioural therapy. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 121, 29 - 36.

  9. Mehta S, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Earis D, Titov N, Dear BF. (2019). Patient perspectives of internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for psychosocial issues post spinal cord injury. Rehabilitation Psychology, 64, 351 - 359.

  10. Nielssen O, Karin E, Staples L, Titov N, Gandy M, Fogliati VJ, Dear BF. (2019). Opioid use before and after completion of an online pain management program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 87, 904 - 917. [Pain Course]

  11. Nielssen O, Staples L, Titov N, Gandy M, Fogliati R, Dear B. (2019). Involvement in compensation litigation and outcome from an online pain management program. Rehabilitation Psychology, 64, 263 - 268. [Pain Course]

  12. Owens VAM, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Schneider LH, Gullickson KM, Karin E, Titov N, Dear BF. (2019). Transdiagnostic, internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for depression and anxiety: Exploring impact on health anxiety. Internet Interventions, 15, 60 - 66.

  13. Soucy JN, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Pugh NE, Dear BF, Titov N. (2019). What are Clients Asking Their Therapist During Therapist-Assisted Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy? A Content Analysis of Client Questions. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 47, 407 - 420.

  14. Staples LG, Dear BF, Gandy M, Fogliati V, Fogliati R, Karin E, Nielssen O, Titov N. (2019). Psychometric properties and clinical utility of brief measures of depression, anxiety, and general distress: The PHQ-2, GAD-2, and K-6. General Hospital Psychiatry, 56, 13 - 18.

  15. Staples LG, Dear BF, Johnson B, Fogliati V, Gandy M, Fogliati R, Nielssen O, Titov N. (2019). Internet-delivered treatment for young adults with anxiety and depression: Evaluation in routine clinical care and comparison with research trial outcomes. Journal of Affective Disorders, 256, 103 - 109. [MindSpot Clinic]

  16. Titov N, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Nielssen O, Mohr DC, Andersson G, Dear BF. (2019). From research to practice: Ten lessons in delivering digital mental health services. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8, 1239.

  17. Titov N, Schofield C, Staples L, Dear BF, Nielssen O. (2019). A comparison of Indigenous and non-Indigenous users of MindSpot: an Australian digital mental health service. Australasian Psychiatry, 27, 352 - 357. [MindSpot Clinic]

  18. Wootton BM, Karin E, Titov N, Dear BF. (2019). Self-guided internet–delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) for obsessive-compulsive symptoms: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 66, 102111. [OCD Course]

2018
  1. Dear BF, Gandy M, Karin E, Fogliati R, Fogliati VJ, Staples LG, Wootton BM, Sharpe L, Titov N. (2018). The Pain Course: 12- and 24-Month Outcomes From a Randomized Controlled Trial of an Internet-Delivered Pain Management Program Provided With Different Levels of Clinician Support. Journal of Pain, 19, 1491 - 1503. [Pain Course]

  2. Alberts NM, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Titov N, Dear BF. (2018). Patient and provider perceptions of Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for recent cancer survivors. Supportive Care in Cancer, 26, 597 - 603.

  3. Daponte D, Talbot F, Titov N, Dear BF, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Hadjistavropoulos T, Jbilou J. (2018). Facilitating the Dissemination of iCBT for the Treatment of Anxiety and Depression: A Feasibility Study. Behaviour Change, 35, 139 - 151. [Mood Mechanic Course]

  4. Dear BF, Courtney C, Khor KE, McDonald S, Ricciardi T, Gandy M, Fogliati VJ, Titov N. (2018). The Pain Course: Exploring the Feasibility of an Internet-delivered Pain Management Program When Offered by a Tertiary Pain Management Service. Clinical Journal of Pain, 34, 505 - 514. [Pain Course]

  5. Dear BF, Fogliati VJ, Fogliati R, Gandy M, McDonald S, Talley N, Holtmann G, Titov N, Jones M. (2018). Transdiagnostic internet-delivered cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) for adults with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID): A feasibility open trial. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 108, 61 - 69. [Chronic Conditions Course]

  6. Dear BF, Fogliati VJ, Fogliati R, Johnson B, Boyle O, Karin E, Gandy M, Kayrouz R, Staples LG, Titov N. (2018). Treating anxiety and depression in young adults: A randomised controlled trial comparing clinician-guided versus self-guided Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 52, 668 - 679. [Mood Mechanic Course]

  7. Dear BF, Nicholson Perry K, Siddall P, Middleton JW, Johnson J, Katte L, Monypenny F, Karin E, Gandy M, Titov N. (2018). The Pain Course: exploring the feasibility of an internet-delivered pain management programme for adults with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord, 56, 931 - 939. [Pain Course]

  8. Edmonds M, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Schneider LH, Dear BF, Titov N. (2018). Who benefits most from therapist-assisted internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy in clinical practice? Predictors of symptom change and dropout. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 54, 24 - 32.

  9. Gandy M, Karin E, Fogliati VJ, Meares S, Nielssen O, Titov N, Dear BF. (2018). Emotional and cognitive difficulties, help-seeking, and barriers to treatment in neurological disorders. Rehabilitation Psychology, 63, 563 - 574.

  10. Gandy M, Karin E, Jones MP, McDonald S, Sharpe L, Titov N, Dear BF. (2018). Exploring psychological mechanisms of clinical response to an internet-delivered psychological pain management program. European Journal of Pain, 22, 1502 - 1516.

  11. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Faller YN, Klatt A, Nugent MN, Dear BF, Titov N. (2018). Patient Perspectives on Strengths and Challenges of Therapist-Assisted Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: Using the Patient Voice to Improve Care. Community Mental Health Journal, 54, 944 - 950.

  12. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Schneider LH, Hadjistavropoulos T, Titov N, Dear BF. (2018). Effectiveness, acceptability and feasibility of an Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral pain management program in a routine online therapy clinic in Canada. Canadian Journal of Pain, 2, 62 - 73. [Pain Course]

  13. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Schneider LH, Klassen K, Dear BF, Titov N. (2018). Development and evaluation of a scale assessing therapist fidelity to guidelines for delivering therapist-assisted Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 47, 447 - 461.

  14. Karin E, Dear BF, Heller GZ, Crane MF, Titov N. (2018). “Wish you were here”: Examining characteristics, outcomes, and statistical solutions for missing cases in web-based psychotherapeutic trials. JMIR Mental Health, 5, e22.

  15. Karin E, Dear BF, Heller GZ, Gandy M, Titov N. (2018). Measurement of symptom change following web-based psychotherapy: Statistical characteristics and analytical methods for measuring and interpreting change. JMIR Mental Health, 5, e10200.

  16. Kayrouz R, Dear BF, Karin E, Fogliati VJ, Gandy M, Keyrouz L, Nehme E, Terides MD, Titov N. (2018). Acceptability of Mental Health Services for Anxiety and Depression in an Arab Sample. Community Mental Health Journal, 54, 875 - 883.

  17. Kayrouz R, Dear BF, Kayrouz B, Karin E, Gandy M, Titov N. (2018). Meta-analysis of the efficacy and acceptability of cognitive-behavioural therapy for Arab adult populations experiencing anxiety, depression or post-traumatic stress disorder. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 47, 412 - 430.

  18. McNaughton DT, Hush JM, Beath AP, Dear BF, Jones MP. (2018). No moderating impact of a medically unexplained etiology on the relationship between psychological profile and chronic pain. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 115, 87 - 93.

  19. Soucy JN, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Couture CA, Owens VAM, Dear BF, Titov N. (2018). Content of client emails in internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy: A comparison between two trials and relationship to client outcome. Internet Interventions, 11, 53 - 59.

  20. Tapp B, Gandy M, Fogliati VJ, Karin E, Fogliati RJ, Newall C, McLellan L, Titov N, Dear BF. (2018). Psychological distress, help-seeking, and perceived barriers to psychological treatment among Australian parents. Australian Journal of Psychology, 70, 113 - 121.

  21. Terides MD, Dear BF, Fogliati VJ, Gandy M, Karin E, Jones MP, Titov N. (2018). Increased skills usage statistically mediates symptom reduction in self-guided internet-delivered cognitive–behavioural therapy for depression and anxiety: a randomised controlled trial. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 47, 43 - 61. [Wellbeing Course]

  22. Titov N, Dear B, Nielssen O, Staples L, Hadjistavropoulos H, Nugent M, Adlam K, Nordgreen T, Bruvik KH, Hovland A, Repål A, Mathiasen K, Kraepelien M, Blom K, Svanborg C, Lindefors N, Kaldo V. (2018). ICBT in routine care: A descriptive analysis of successful clinics in five countries. Internet Interventions, 13, 108 - 115.

2017
  1. Alberts NM, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Dear BF, & Titov N. (2017). Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy for recent cancer survivors: A feasibility trial. Psycho-Oncology, 26,137 – 139. [Wellbeing Course]

  2. Dear BF, Gandy M, Karin E, Ricciardi T, Fogliati VJ, McDonald S, Staples LG, Nicholson Perry K, Sharpe L, Nicholas MK, Titov N. (2017). The Pain Course: A randomised controlled trial comparing a remotely-delivered chronic pain management program when provided in online and workbook formats. Pain, 158, 1289 – 1301. [Pain Course]

  3. Friesen, L. N., Hadjistavropoulos, H. D., Alberts, N. M., Schneider, L. H., Titov, N., & Dear, B. F. (2017). Examination of an Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioural Pain Management Course for Adults with Fibromyalgia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Pain, 158, 593 – 604. [Pain Course]

  4. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Schneider LH, Edmonds M, Nugent MN, Dirkse D, Dear BF, Titov N. (2017). Randomized controlled trial of transdiagnostic internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy comparing standard weekly versus optional weekly therapist support. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 52, 15 – 24. [Wellbeing Course]

  5. Lee Y, Gao L, Dear BF, Titov N, Mihalopoulos C. (2017). The cost-effectiveness of the online MindSpot Clinic for the treatment of depression and anxiety in Australia. The Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics, 20, 155 – 166. [MindSpot Clinic]

  6. Titov N, Dear BF, Staples LG, Bennett-Levy J, Klein B, Rapee RM, Andersson G, Purtell C, Beuidenhout G, Nielssen OB. (2017). The first 30 months of the MindSpot Clinic: Evaluation of a national e-mental health service against project objectives. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 51, 1227 – 1239. [MindSpot Clinic]

2016
  1. Chan R, Dear BF, Titov N, Chow J, & Suranyi M. (2016). Examining internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy for patients with chronic kidney disease on haemodialysis: A feasibility open trial. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 89, 78 - 84. [Wellbeing Course]

  2. Dear BF, Gandy M, Karin E, Ricciardi T, Langman N, Staples LG, Fogliati VJ, Sharpe L, McLellan LF, & Titov N. (2016). The Pain Course: Exploring predictors of clinical response to an internet-delivered pain management program. Pain, 157, 2257 - 2268. [Pain Course]

  3. Dear BF, Staples LG, Terides MD, Fogliati VJ, Sheehan J, Johnston L, Kayrouz R, Dear R, McEvoy PM, & Titov N. (2016). Transdiagnostic versus disorder-specific and clinician-guided versus self-guided internet-delivered treatment for social anxiety disorder and comorbid disorders: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 42, 30 - 44. [Wellbeing Course]

  4. Fogliati VJ, Dear BF, Staples LG, Terides MD, Sheehan J, Johnston L, Kayrouz R, Dear R, McEvoy PM, & Titov N. (2016). Disorder-specific versus transdiagnostic and clinician-guided versus self-guided internet-delivered treatment for panic disorder and comorbid disorders: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 39, 88 - 102. [Wellbeing Course]

  5. Fogliati VJ, Terides MD, Gandy M, Staples L, Johnston L, Karin E, Titov N, & Dear BF. (2016). Psychometric properties of the Mini Social Phobia Inventory (Mini-Spin) in a large online treatment-seeking sample. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, 45, 236 - 257.

  6. Gandy M, Karin E, Fogliati VJ, McDonald S, Titov N, Dear BF. (2016). A feasibility trial of an internet-delivered and transdiagnostic treatment program for anxiety, depression and disability among adults with epilepsy. Epilepsia, 57, 1887 - 1896. [Chronic Conditions Course]

  7. Gandy M, Terides MD, Johnston L, Fogliati V, Perry KN, Newall C, Titov N, & Dear BF. (2016). Short Message Service (SMS) prompts for skills practice in internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy – are they feasible and effective? The European Journal of Pain, 20, 1388 - 1298. [Pain Course]

  8. Hadjiostavropoulos HD, Soucy JN, Owens VAM, Dirkse DA, Dear BF, Titov N. (2016). Educating patients about Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy: Perceptions among treatment seekers and non-treatment seekers before and after viewing an educational video. Internet Interventions, 6, 57 - 63.

  9. Hadjistavropoulos HD, Nugent MN, Alberts NM, Staples L, Dear BF, Titov N. (2016). Transdiagnostic internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy in Canada: An open trial comparing results of a specialised online clinic and nonspecialised community clinics. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 42, 19 - 29. [Wellbeing Course]

  10. Kayrouz R, Dear BF, Karin E, & Titov N. (2016). Facebook as an effective recruitment strategy for mental health research of hard to reach populations. Internet Interventions, 4, 1 - 10.

  11. Kayrouz R, Dear BF, Karin E, Fogliati VJ, & Titov N. (2016). A pilot study of a clinician-guided internet-delivered Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for anxiety and depression amongst Arabs in Australia, presented in both English and Arabic languages. Internet Interventions, 5, 5 - 11. [Arabic Wellbeing Course]

  12. Kayrouz R, Dear BF, Karin E, Gandy M, Fogliati VJ, Terides MD, & Titov N. (2016). A pilot study of self-guided internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety and depression among Arabs. Internet Interventions, 3, 18 - 24. [Arabic Wellbeing Course]

  13. Slater H, Dear BF, Merolli MA, Li LC, Briggs A. (2016). Use of eHealth technologies to enable implementation of musculoskeletal models of care: The evidence and practice. Best Practice & Research: Clinical Rheumatology, 30, 483 - 502.

  14. Staples LG, Fogliati VJ, Dear BF, Nielssen O, Titov N. (2016). Internet-delivered treatment for older adults with anxiety and depression: implementation of the Wellbeing Plus Course in routine clinical care and comparison with research trial outcomes. British Journal of Psychiatry Open, 2, 307 - 313. [Wellbeing Plus Course]

  15. Terides MD, Dear BF, Karin E, Jones MP, Gandy M, Fogliati VJ, Kayrouz R, Staples LG, & Titov N. (2016). The Frequency of Actions and Thoughts Scale: Development and psychometric validation of a measure of adaptive behaviours and cognitions. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, 45, 196 - 216.

  16. Titov N, Fogliati VJ, Staples L, Gandy M, Johnston L, Wootton B, Nielssen O, Dear BF. (2016). Treating anxiety and depression in older adults: A randomised controlled trial comparing guided vs self-guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy. British Journal of Psychiatry Open, 2, 50 - 58. [Wellbeing Plus Course]

2015
  1. Kayrouz R, Dear BF, Johnson L, Gandy M, Fogliati V, Sheehan J, Titov N. (2015). A feasibility open trial of self-guided internet-delivered Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for anxiety and depression among Arabs. Internet Interventions, 2, 1, 32 - 38. [Arabic Wellbeing Course]

  2. Dear BF, Gandy M, Karin E, Staples LG, Fogliati VJ, Johnston L, Wootton BM, Terides MD, Kayrouz R, Perry KN, Sharpe L, Nicholas MK, Titov N. (2015). The pain course: A randomised controlled trial examining an internet-delivered pain management program when provided with different levels of clinician support. Pain, 156, 1920 - 1935. [Pain Course]

  3. Dear BF, Staples L, Terides MD, Karin E, Zou J, Johnston L, Gandy M, Fogliati VJ, Wootton BM, McEvoy PM, & Titov N. (2015). Transdiagnostic versus disorder-specific and clinician-guided versus self-guided internet-delivered treatment for generalized anxiety disorder and comorbid disorders: A randomized controlled trial. Journal od Anxiety Disorders. 36, 63 - 77. [Wellbeing Course]

  4. Dear BF, Zou J, Ali S, Lorian C, Johnston L, Sheehan J, Staples LG, Gandy M, Fogliati V, Klein B, Titov N. (2015). Clinical and cost-effectiveness of clinician-guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy program for older adults with symptoms of anxiety: a randomised controlled trial. Behavior Therapy, 46, 206 - 217. [Wellbeing Plus Course]

  5. Dear BF, Zou J, Ali S, Lorian C, Johnston L, Terides MD, Staples LG, Gandy M, Fogliati V, Klein B, Titov N. (2015). Examining self-guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy for older adults with symptoms of anxiety and depression: Two feasibility open trials. Internet Interventions, 2, 17 - 23. [Wellbeing Plus Course]

  6. Mullin A, Dear BF, Karin E, Wootton BW, Johnston L, Staples LG, Gandy M, Fogliati V, & Titov N. (2015). The UniWellbeing Course: Examining a transdiagnostic internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) program for university students with anxiety and depression. Internet Interventions, 2, 128 - 136. [UniWellbeing Course]

  7. Rapee RM, Titov N, & Dear BF. (2015). A research agenda to progress treatment of social anxiety disorder: Commentary on Crome et al., DSM-IV and DSM-5 Social Anxiety Disorder in the Australian Community. Focus: The Journal of Lifelong Learning in Psychiatry, 49, 2920293.

  8. Titov N, Dear BF, Ali S, Zou J, Lorian C, Johnston L, Terides MD, Kayrouz R, Klein B, Gandy M, & Fogliati V. (2015). Clinical and cost-effectiveness of clinician-guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy program for older adults with symptoms of depression: a randomised controlled trial. Behavior Therapy, 46, 193 - 205. [Wellbeing Plus Course]

  9. Titov N, Dear BF, Staples L, Terides MD, Karin E, Sheehan J, Johnston L, Gandy M, Fogliati VJ, Wootton BM, & McEvoy PM. (2015). Disorder-specific versus transdiagnostic and clinician-guided versus self-guided treatment for Major Depressive Disorder and comorbid anxiety disorders: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 35, 88 - 102. [Wellbeing Course]

  10. Titov N, Dear BF, Staples LG, Bennett-Levy J, Klein B, Rapee RM, Shann C, Richards D, Andersson G, Ritterband L, Purtell C, Bezuidenhout G, Johnston L, Nielssen OB. (2015). MindSpot Clinic: An Accessible, efficient, and effective online treatment service for anxiety and depression. Psychiatric Services, 66, 1043 - 1050. [MindSpot Clinic]

  11. Wootton BW, Dear BF, Terides M, Johnston L, & Titov N. (2015). Self-guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: 12 month follow-up. Internet Interventions, 2, 243 - 247. [OCD Course]

2014
  1. Andersson G, & Titov N. (2014). Advantages and limitations of Internet-based interventions for common mental disorders. World Psychiatry, 13, 4-11.

  2. Johnston L, Dear BF, Gandy M, Fogliati V, Kayrouz R, Sheehan J, Rapee R, & Titov N. (2014). Exploring the efficacy and acceptability of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for young adults with anxiety and depression: An open trial. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 48, 819 - 827. [Mood Mechanic Course]

  3. Kayrouz R, Dear BF, Johnston L, Keyrouz L, Nehme E, Laube R, & Titov N. (2014). Intergenerational and cross-cultural differences in emotional wellbeing, mental health service utilisation, treatment seeking preferences and acceptability of psychological treatments for Arab Australians. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 61(5), 484 - 491.

  4. Lui SH, Dear BF, Johnston L, Wootton B, & Titov N. (2014). An internet survey of emotional health, treatment-seeking and barriers to accessing mental health treatment among Chinese-speaking international students in Australia. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 27 , 96 – 108.

  5. Titov N, Dear BF, Andersson G. (2014). Internet-delivered psychotherapy for anxiety disorders and depression. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 49 , 299-308.

  6. Titov N, Dear BF, Johnston L, McEvoy PM, Wootton B, Terides MD, Gandy M, Fogliati V, Kayrouz R, Rapee RM. (2014). Improving adherence and clinical outcomes in self-guided internet treatment for anxiety and depression: A 12 month follow-up of a randomised controlled trial. PLoS One, e89591. [Wellbeing Course]

2013
  1. Anderson T, Sunderland M, Andews G, Titov N, Dear BF, Sachdev P. (2013). The 10-item Kessler Psychological Distress measure (K10) as a screening instrument in older individuals. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21, 596 - 606.

  2. Dear BF, Titov N, Nicholson Perry K, Johnston L, Wootton BM, Terides MD, Rapee RM, & Hudson JL. (2013). The Pain Course: A randomised controlled trial of clinician-guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy program for managing chronic pain and emotional wellbeing. Pain, 154, 942 - 950. [Pain Course]

  3. Johnston L, Titov N, Andrews G, Dear BF, & Spence J. (2013). Comorbidity and internet-delivered transdiagnostic cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety disorders. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 47, 43 - 61.

  4. Kirkpatrick T, Manoukian L, Dear BF, Johnston L, & Titov N. (2013). A feasibility open trial of internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy (iCBT) among consumers of a Non-Governmental Mental Health Organisation with Anxiety. PeerJ, e210.

  5. Spence J, Titov N, Johnston L, Dear BF, Wootton B, Terides M, & Zou J. (2013). Internet-delivered eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (iEMDR): an open trial. F1000 Research, 2, 79.

  6. Spence J, Titov N, Johnston L, Jones MP, Dear BF, Solley K. (2013). Internet-based trauma-focussed cognitive behavioural therapy for PTSD with and without exposure components: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of Affective Disorders, 162, 73-80. [PTSD Course]

  7. Titov N, Dear BF, & Rapee R. (2013). New horizons for e-mental health research and practice. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 47, 107-108.

  8. Titov N, Dear BF, Johnston L, Lorian C, Zou J, Wootton B, McEvoy PM, Rapee RM. (2013). Improving adherence and clinical outcomes in self-guided internet treatment for anxiety and depression: randomised controlled trial. PLoS One, 262873. [Wellbeing Course]

  9. Wootton B, Dear BF, Johnston L, Terides MD, & Titov N. (2013). Remote treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, 2, 375 - 384. [OCD Course]

  10. Wootton BM, Dear BF, Johnston L, Terides MD, Titov N. (2013). Self-guided internet-delivered treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder: Results from two open trials. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, 3, 102 - 108. [OCD Course]

2012
  1. Choi I, Zou J, Titov N, Hunt C, Dear BF, Johnston L, & Andrews G. (2012). Culturally attuned internet treatment of depression for Chinese Australians: a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Affective Disorders, 136, 459 - 468.

  2. Titov N, Dear BF, Johnston L, & Terides MD. (2012). Transdiagnostic internet treatment for anxiety and depression. Spanish Journal of Clinical Psychology, 17, 237-260.

  3. Zou JB, Dear BF, Titov N, Lorian CN, Johnston L, Spence J, Knight RG, Anderson T, & Sachdev P. (2012). Brief internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety in older adults: A feasibility trial. Journal of Affective Disorders, 26, 650 - 655.

2011
  1. Dear BF, Titov N, Sunderland M, McMillan D, Anderson T, Lorian C, & Robinson E. (2011). Psychometric Comparison of the GAD-7 and the PSWQ for Measure Response During Treatment of Generalised Anxiety Disorder. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 40, 216-227.

  2. Andrews G, Davies M, & Titov N. (2011). An effectiveness randomized controlled trial of face to face versus internet cognitive behaviour therapy for social phobia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 45, 337 - 340.

  3. Dear BF, Titov N, Schwencke G, Andews G, Johnston L, Craske MG, & McEvoy P. (2011). An open trial of a brief transdiagnostic treatment for anxiety and depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49, 830 - 837.

  4. Johnston L, Titov N, Andrews G, Spence J, & Dear BF. (2011). A RCT of a transdiagnostic internet-delivered treatment for three anxiety disorders: Examination of support roles and disorder-specific outcomes. PLoS ONE, 6: e28079.

  5. Spence J, Titov N, Dear BF, Johnston L, Solley K, Lorian C, Wootton B, Zou J, & Schwenke G. (2011). A randomized controlled trial of Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder. Depression and Anxiety, 28, 541-550.

  6. Spence J, Titov N, Solley K, Dear BF, Johnston L, Wootton B, Kemp A, Andrews G, Zou J, Lorian C, & Choi I. (2011). Characteristics and treatment preferences of people with symptoms of posttraumatic stresss disorder: An internet survey. PLoS One, 6, e21864.

  7. Titov N, Dear BF, McMillan D, Anderson T, & Zou J. (2011). Psychometric comparison of the PHQ-9 and BDI-II for measuring response during internet treatment of depression. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 40, 126-136.

  8. Titov N, Dear BF, Schwencke G, Andrews G, Johnston L, Craske M, & McEvoy P. (2011). Transdiagnostic Internet treatment of anxiety and depression: A randomised controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 49, 441 - 452.

  9. Titov N. (2011). Internet-delivered psychotherapy for depression in adults. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 24, 18-23.

  10. Wiersma JE, Titov N, Van Schaik DJF, Van Oppen P, Beekman ATF, Cuijpers P, Andrews G. (2011). Treating chronic symptoms of depression in the Virtual Clinic. Findings of chronicity of depression in patients treating with Internet-based computerized cognitive behaviour therapy for depression. The Journal of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 80, 313 - 315.

  11. Wootton BM, Titov N, Dear BF, Spence J, & Kemp A. (2011). The acceptability of Internet-based treatment and characteristics of an adult sample with obsessive compulsive disorder. PLoS One, 6, e20548.

  12. Wootton BM, Titov N, Dear BF, Spence J, Andrews G, Johnston L, & Solley K. (2011). An Internet administered treatment program for obsessive-compulsive disorder: A feasibility study. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25, 1102 - 1107.

2010
  1. Andrews G, & Titov N. (2010). Is Internet treatment ready for prime time? Medical Journal of Australia, 192, S45-S47.

  2. Andrews G, Cuijpers P, Craske M, McEvoy P, & Titov N. (2010). Computer therapy for the anxiety and depressive disorders is effective, acceptable and practical health care: A meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, 5: e13196.

  3. Robinson E, Titov N, Andrews G, McIntyre K, Schwencke G, & Solley K. (2010). Internet treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: A randomized controlled trial comparing clinician vs. technician assistance. PLoS ONE, 5, e10942.

  4. Titov N, Andrews G, Davies M, McIntyre K, Robinson E, & Solley K. (2010). Internet treatment for depression: A randomized controlled trial comparing clinician vs. technician assistance. PLoS ONE, 5, e10939.

  5. Titov N, Andrews G, Johnston L, Robinson E, & Spence J. (2010). Transdiagnostic Internet treatment for anxiety disorders: A randomized controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48, 890 - 899.

  6. Titov N, Andrews G, Kemp A, & Robinson E. (2010). Characteristics of adults with anxiety or depression treated at an Internet clinic: Comparison with a national survey and an outpatient clinic. PLoS ONE, 5.

  7. Titov N, Andrews G, Schwencke G, Robinson E, Peters L, & Spence J. (2010). An RCT of Internet CBT for social phobia with and without motivational enhancement strategies. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 44, 938 - 945.

  8. Titov N, Sachdev P, & Andrews G. (2010). Computer-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CCBT) – Effective and getting ready for dissemination. F1000 Medicine Reports, 2, 49.

  9. Wims E, Titov N, Andrews G, & Choi I. (2010). Clinician-assisted Internet-based treatment is effective for panic: A randomized controlled trial. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 44, 599 - 607.

  10. Wootton BM, & Titov N. (2010). Distance treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder. Behaviour Change, 27, 112 - 118.

2009
  1. Aydos LR, Titov N, & Andrews G. (2009). Shyness 5: The clinical effectiveness of Internet-based clinician-assisted treatment of social phobia. Australasian Psychiatry, 17, 488 - 492.

  2. Andrews G, & Titov N. (2009). Hit and Miss: Innovation and dissemination of evidence based psychological treatments. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 47, 974 - 979.

  3. Perini S, Titov N, & Andrews G. (2009). Clinician-assisted Internet-based treatment is effective for depression: A randomized controlled trial. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 571 - 578.

  4. Titov N, Andrews G, Choi I, Schwencke G, & Johnston L. (2009). Randomized controlled trial of web-based treatment of social phobia without clinician guidance. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 913 - 919.

  5. Titov N, Andrews G, Robinson E, Schwencke G, Johnston L, Solley K, & Choi I. (2009). Clinician-assisted internet treatment is effective for generalized anxiety disorder: randomized controlled trial. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 905-912.

  6. Titov N, Andrews G, Schwencke G, Solley K, Johnston L, & Robinson E. (2009). An RCT comparing effect of two types of support on severity of symptoms for people completing Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy for social phobia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 920 - 926.

  7. Titov N, Gibson M, Andrews G, & McEvoy P. (2009). Internet treatment for social phobia reduces comorbidity. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 754 – 759.

2008
  1. Titov N, Andrews G, Schwencke G, Drobny J, & Einstein D. (2008). Shyness 1: Distance treatment for social over the Internet. A randomized controlled trial. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 42, 585 - 594.

  2. Perini S, Titov N, & Andrews G. (2008). The Climate Sadness program: an open trial of Internet-based treatment for depression. Electronic Journal of Applied Psychology, 4.

  3. Titov N, Andrews G, & Schwencke G. (2008). Shyness 2: Treating social phobia online: replication and extension. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 42, 595 - 605.

  4. Titov N, Andrews G, Choi I, Schwencke G, & Mahoney A. (2008). Shyness 3: An RCT of guided vs unguided internet based CBT for social phobia. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 42, 1030 - 1040.

2007
  1. Titov N. (2007). The status of computerized cognitive behavioural therapy (CCBT) for adults: A review. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 41, 95 - 114.